Merovingian Period: A Comprehensive Guide to Sources
This article provides a comprehensive guide to the sources on the Merovingian period. It covers a range of topics related to the history of the period, including Merovingian kings, queens, legal codes, saints’ lives, aristocratic wealth and identity, and monasteries, among others. The article also provides details on specific sources such as books, letters, and legal codes that provide important insights into the history of the period. In addition, the article offers information on the historiography of Wales, England, Ireland, and Scotland in the early Middle Ages, providing key sources and topics for further exploration.
Table of Contents
- Theudebert and other Merovingian kings
- Epistolary correspondence and letters from bishops
- Meetings between Gregory of Tours and Guntram and Chilperic
- Queens and their roles in Merovingian society
- Flaochad and other important figures
- Saints’ lives as historical sources
- The Pippinids and their ancestry
- Legal codes, including the Salic Law
- Royal justice and the role of administrators
- Aristocratic wealth and identity
- Founding and patronage of monasteries
- “Episcopal republics” and episcopal power
- Arnulf of Metz and Leudegar
- Desiderius and his letters
- Wales, England, Ireland, and Scotland in the early Middle Ages
Q: What are some of the key sources on Merovingian kings?
A: One of the most important sources on Merovingian kings is the Chronicle of Fredegar, a historical text that covers the period from the fifth to the seventh century and includes information on the lives and reigns of various Merovingian kings, including Theudebert, who was one of the most powerful Merovingian kings of the seventh century. The Chronicle also includes details on the political struggles between rival factions at the Merovingian court.
Q: What do we know about queens in Merovingian society?
A: Queens played an important role in Merovingian society, serving as both political and religious figures. They often acted as regents for their young sons during their husbands’ reigns and were closely involved in the founding and patronage of monasteries. One of the most famous queens of the period was Brunhilda, who was known for her political acumen and her involvement in various power struggles with other members of the Merovingian royal family.
Q: What are some of the important legal codes from the Merovingian period?
A: One of the most important legal codes from the Merovingian period is the Salic Law, a sixth-century code that established the right of succession through male heirs and was used as the basis for French law for centuries. Other important codes include the Lex Burgundionum, which was used in Burgundy, and the Lex Romana Visigothorum, which drew on Roman legal traditions.
Q: What role did monasteries play in Merovingian society?
A: Monasteries were important institutions in Merovingian society and were often founded and patronized by members of the royal family. They played a role in promoting learning and education, as well as religious observance. Monks and nuns were also involved in various forms of social and charitable work, such as caring for the sick and needy.
Q: What historiography is covered in the article?
A: The article covers the historiography of Wales, England, Ireland, and Scotland in the early Middle Ages. It provides information on key sources and topics relevant to the history of these regions during this period, including the economy of post-Roman Britain, the emergence of new political structures, and important figures such as Pictish kings and Anglo-Saxon rulers.
In conclusion, the Merovingian period was a fascinating era of European history, characterized by important developments in politics, religion, and society. This article provides a comprehensive guide to the sources on the period, covering a range of topics and providing important insights into the history of the time. Whether you are a student of history or simply interested in learning more about this important era, the sources listed in this article offer a wealth of information and are well worth exploring.